Galliae seu franciae..... - #2196

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DATE: c1683

MAP MAKER: Nicolaes II Visscher.

SIZE: 22 3/16" X 18 3/8".

PRICE: $750.00


Claes Janszoon Visscher; 1587 - 1652.
Nicolaes Visscher I, son; 1618 - 1679.
Nicolaes Visscher II, grand son; 1649 - 1702.
Elizabeth Visscher, his wife; c1650 - c1730.

For almost a century, the Visscher family stood as one of the most prominent art dealers and map makers in Amsterdam.
Claes seems to have studied under Jodocus Hondius, and later purchased a number of plates from Petrus Kaerius with which he published his first atlas.
From 1638 on, he often signed his work with the latinized form of his name: Piscator.
He was mostly known for his richly illustrated scenes of battles and sieges, and for intricately decorated large world maps, replete with allegories and vignettes (he is considered as the pioneer of the "Carte figures" style, later adopted by Blaeu, Jansson and Speed in particular).
In 1649 he issued the "Tabularum geographicarum contractarum", an enhanced remake of the immensely popular 1598 Barent Langenes "Caert Thresoor".
His son, and then his grand son, continued publishing and updating a considerable number of maps and atlases.
Of note from Nicolaes I in 1656 the "Atlas contractus orbis terrarum", from Nicolaes II in 1683 his "Atlas minor" (which in spite of his name was printed in a full folio format). And lastly, from Elizabeth in 1702, the "Atlas major".


Galliae seu Franciae tabula,. .

This large map (22 3/16" X 18 3/8") was designed for the 1683 Atlas Minor. It is directly derived from similar maps designed by both the grand father and father of Nicolaes II for earlier publications. In turn, it will be reissued later in the Atlas Major, albeit with a much less imposing cartouche, and also in de Witt's Atlas Maior.
Above this cartouche note the Apollo and Sun Chariot allegory .in 1683 the king Louis XIV was nicknamed the Sun King.. But note that west of Paris, Versailles (and its castle) is rather inconspicuous: it will become the permanent residence of the court only a few years afterward.
The coast line still follows the old Sanson model (even though La Hire had just published a year before his revolutionary modern scientific map showing a correct delineation.
All in all this map is soon much behind its time, but it remained for some time a model of accuracy when it comes to mountain ranges, river courses, city locations and roads linking them.
No text on verso.




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