Partie méridionale, de l'ancien Mexique ou de la nouvelle Espagne. - #2088

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DATE: 1780

MAP MAKER: Rigobert Bonne

SIZE: 12" 3/4 X 8 1/2".

PRICE: $250.00


Rigobert Bonne; 1729-1793.

Bonne, a trained mathematician, was appointed Hydrographer to the King. He took over the responsibility of the french hydrographic institute ("Dépôt de la Marine") after the death of Bellin in 1772. This position enabled Bonne to the unequaled access to prime mapping data, which he could use successfully for his own private business interests.
He followed in the steps of the french school of cartographic minutiae and geographic accuracy. As such he produced, often in collaboration with other mapmakers, a large number of excellent sea charts.
His name is generally associated with a type of equal area projection he often used after 1757.
Of note, his participation (with Janvier and Rizzi-Zannoni) to Jean Lattré's 1762 "Atlas Moderne". But he is most well known for the wealth of maps he prepared for Guillaume Thomas François Raynal's "Atlas de toutes les parties connues du globe terrestre" (1780), and also for Nicolas Desmaret*'s "Atlas Encyclopédique" (1787, re-issued in 1827).

* Desmaret: of engineering fame for the first recorded design of a tunnel between France and England in 1751.

Partie méridionale, de l'ancien Mexique ou de la nouvelle Espagne.

This map (12" ¾ X 8" ½) was prepared for the "Atlas de toutes les parties connues du globe terrestre".
It is showing what was then known as "New Spain", or "Mexico" (by opposition to the "New Mexico" province, whose capital was Santa Fe). Its southern administrative area (present days: Chiapas, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua), was known as the "Captainship General of Guatimala", then as the "Audience of Guatimala".
The other audiences of New Spain were: Florida, Guadalajara, and Mexico.
Bonne shows here only the south part of the Guatimala Audience, almost prescient of the 1821 independent Kingdom of Guatemala, and of the 1824 "Federal Republic of Central America". Longitudes are indicated (top) east of Ferro island, as it was customary at that time; and (bottom) west of Paris.
No text on verso.





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