Isle de la Martinique. Isles de la Guadeloupe, de Marie Galante, de la Desirade, et celles des Saintes. . - #2069

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DATE: 1762

MAP MAKER: Rigobert Bonne

SIZE: 13 5/8" X 9 3/8"

PRICE: $200.00


Rigobert Bonne; 1729-1793.

Bonne, a trained mathematician, was appointed Hydrographer to the King. He took over the responsibility of the french hydrographic institute ("Dépôt de la Marine") after the death of Bellin in 1772. This position enabled Bonne to the unequaled access to prime mapping data, which he could use successfully for his own private business interests.
He followed in the steps of the french school of cartographic minutiae and geographic accuracy. As such he produced, often in collaboration with other mapmakers, a large number of excellent sea charts.
His name is generally associated with a type of equal area projection he often used after 1757.
Of note, his participation (with Janvier and Rizzi-Zannoni) to Jean Lattré's 1762 "Atlas Moderne". But he is most well known for the wealth of maps he prepared for Guillaume Thomas François Raynal's "Atlas de toutes les parties connues du globe terrestre" (1780), and also for Nicolas Desmaret*'s"Atlas Encyclopédique" (1787, re-issued in 1827).

* Desmaret: of engineering fame for the first recorded design of a tunnel between France and England in 1751.

Isle de la Martinique. Isles de la Guadeloupe, de Marie Galante, de la Desirade, et celles des Saintes.

This large double map (13 5/8" X 9 3/8") was published in the 1762 "Atlas Moderne".
It describes with a same scale the two main french possessions in the lesser Antilles. Coast lines, river courses, mountains ranges, all are shown with great precision.
Notice how the settlements are denser on the west shore of both islands, probably due to the rougher seas experienced on the ocean side than on the Caribbean sea side. Notice also how most defenses are on the same side: forts (Ft.), redoubts (redoute), and gun emplacements (batterie) to prevent enemy attack or easy landing.
On Martinique, the capital of St. Pierre is clearly indicated. To the south, the town of Fort Royal is even more prominent. Renamed Fort de France in 1801, it will become the capital after the 1902 destruction of St Pierre by the volcano Montagne Pelee.
On Guadeloupe (named Santa Maria de Guadalupe de Extremadura by Colombus in 1493), the capital of Basse Terre is also shown on the island of same name. While today's largest town of Pointe a Pitre, on the west coast of Grande Terre, is not shown.
Notice that longitudes are given west of either Hierro island (top) or Paris (bottom).
No text on verso.




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