La Floride. - #2048

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DATE: 1683

MAP MAKER:Nicolas Sanson

SIZE: 9 13/16" X 6 7/8"

PRICE: $800.00


Nicolas Sanson (aka, Sanson d'Abbeville); 1600-1667.
Nicolas Sanson, son; 1626-1648.
Guillaume Sanson, son; c1630-1703.
Adrien Sanson, son; c1630-1708.
Pierre Moulard Sanson, grand son; c1660-1730.

Born of an old Picardy house of Scottish descent, Sanson was educated by the Jesuits of Amiens.
A trained historian, Sanson branched into cartography to better illustrate his tutorial works. Attracting the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, he was soon appointed "Géographe Ordinaire du Roi". He was actually educating Louis XIII of France (and then Louis XIV), in the related matters.
He is most well known for his major atlas "Cartes Générales de Toutes les Parties du Monde" published in 1654, with several re-editions (the last one in 1676 was named "Cartes Générales de la Géographie Anciennes et Nouvelles").
But his call to fame comes from the preparation of a few maps which proved to be seminal, and influenced generally accepted continent delineations for many decades to come. Among others: "Amérique Septentrionale" in 1650 noted for the "Island" California, "le Canada ou Nouvelle France" noted for its first accurate representation of the Great Lakes, and "le Brésil dont la Côte est Possédée par les Portugais et Divisée en Quatorze Capitaineries" (both in 1656).
Upon his death, his successors ran a continued successful business, in particular thanks to their excellent partnership with Pierre Duval (his son-in-law), and Alexis Hubert Jaillot. Both men re-engraved a lot of his plates, and prepared the unfinished maps he did not have the opportunity to print.
The Sanson dynasty is often credited for planting the seeds of the golden age of French cartography in competition with the Dutch school.

La Floride.

This relatively small map (9 13/16" X 6 7/8") is a close copy of Sanson's seminal 1657 map of Florida (only a tad smaller in size).
This particular example seems to have been printed for an octavo edition of 1683 or 1692.
It is replete with cartographic elements taken from the 1584 Ortelius "La Florida", but adding a slew of fanciful/erroneous/flatly illogical details:
- the mythical East-West mountain range,
- the interconnecting river network (the Spitritu Sancto being the Mississippi, wrongly located.with sorry consequences for future explorers -such as Cavelier de La Salle- trying to find its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico),
-the two non-existent large lakes in the Carolinas.
Notice that present day Florida is named Tegesta Province (after the Tequesta tribe), while the name Floride covers the whole Mississippi basin.
Also notice that there are two Floridas: the Spanish one (most of the territory), and the French one! This is a reminiscence of the 1564 Huguenot colony set at Fort Caroline on the Saint John River, which was promptly destroyed by the Spaniards the following year. This attempt at claiming the area must have amused the British who were busy colonizing the Carolinas at that time.
Notice also that Fort Caroline is wrongly located near Port Royal. Actually it should be located where San Matheo is shown (name given by the Spaniards to the reconstructed colony).
No text on verso.








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