Heinrich Scherer; 1628 - 1704.
This German Jesuit was a teacher of Hebrew, math and ethics
at the University of Dillingen until 1680. He then became
tutor to the royal princes of Mantua and Bavaria in Munich.
A good cartographer, he developed a revolutionary style: the
He is known to have published a few atlases, in particular
showing religious influenced maps, such as the expansion of
Christendom in the world, the itineraries of Apostles, the
location of Jesuit missions, etc.
Of note: his seven part "Atlas Novus" issued first in 1702-1710,
re-issued in 1730-1737. This massive work contained no less
than eleven different maps of the world.
Typus totius orbis terraquei
This unusual mid-sized map (13 3/4" X 8 5/8") was prepared
in 1700. It was included in part V ("Geographia Artificialis")
of the Atlas Novus.
Its date of printing is probably before 1710 (by the time
of the second edition, Baja was better known, see below).
It is constructed in twelve gores which can be later applied
and glued on the surface of a sphere, to form a mappemonde
or earth globe*.
- the reference meridian passes by Hierro Island, as it was
customary in those days.
- the"Island of California" (On the basis of his explorations,
Father Eusebio Kino produced in 1705 the first map proving
that Baja was a peninsula, not an island).
- the largely absent delineation of New Zealand (Captain James
Cook , first to circumnavigate it, charted the first map of
the islands). During this first of three voyages (1768-1771),
he also was first to explore and map the eastern coast of
Australia (New Holland).
- the poor knowledge of the Alaska-Siberia area.
No text on verso.
* No Scherer original globe has survived (perhaps none was
However some modern copies are still being manufactured in
England (see picture).