Willem Albert Bachiene; 1712 - 1783.
Preacher, geographer, astronomer, this real renaissance man, once a theology student at the University of Utrecht, served as Chaplin (Padre) in the army.
In 1764, he was appointed Professor of Astronomy and Geography at the Illustere School in Maastricht.
He produced a large amount of maps and writings related to the Holy Land, the church organization in Holland, etc.
The 3-volume “Heilige geographie of aardrijkskundige beschryving van het Joodsche land, alsmede andere landen in de H. Schrift voorkomende,” is considered among his most important works. It was published in Utrecht between 1763-1768, and included a suite of 12 fine geographical maps of the Holy Land and its neighboring lands which Bachiene made during a period of ten years, the first as early as 1758.
A lot of his work was published after his death till 1796.
Kaart van het Eiland Cuba.
This medium size (12 3/8” X 8 1/4”) map is quite rare (due to relatively poor public interest at the time of its publication).
It is a very clone copy of a 1780 map by R Bonne of the same area. It was published in the “Atlas tot Opheldering der Hedendaagsche Historie”, edited in 1785 by M Schalekamp in Amsterdam.
Its striking character stems from the finely detailed coastlines(even though not very accurate, i.e. the delineation of the bay of Batabano), but also for the surrounding archipelagoes of keys and islets. Mountain ranges are still quite poorly represented and do not help understand the pattern of rivers.
As a throwback to earlier mapping conventions, Bachiene copied the Bonne depiction of the principal urban centers and missions with a church icon.
Note on top of the map, the longitude is given with respect to Ferro Island (westernmost Canary) as it was then commonly accepted (even though it was usually given east, not west as is the case here). While at the bottom, the longitude is shown west of the Paris meridian.
No text on verso.