"Ville de San-Domingo". - #2242


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DATE: 1683

MAP MAKER: Alain Manesson Mallet.

SIZE: 4 5/16" X 5 13/16".

PRICE: $175.00

 

Alain Manesson Mallet; 1630-1706.

Precious little is known about this author, safe for having been a military engineer serving King Louis XIV. His claim to fame comes from his very successful "Description de l'Univers", a pocket size thick geography book in five volumes, replete with encyclopedic details, historical data, scores of illustrations (landscapes, decisive battle scenes, towns, forts, harbors, .), and quite a few simple maps.
The book was published between 1683 and 1688. However, reprints were made later with German text (1686 and 1719).
Of note also his "Les Travaux de Mars" in 1672 on the art of fortification, and "La Géométrie Pratique" in 1702, a massive study in geometry, trigonometry, planimetry and land survey.

"Ville de San-Domingo"

This small bird's eye view (4 5/16" X 5 13/16") was designed for the 1683 "Description de l'univers".
It shows the town of Santo Domingo, which is the oldest continuously inhabited colonial settlement in the Americas. Founded in 1496 by Bartolomeo Colombus, Nueva Isabela, quickly renamed Santo Domimgo de Guzman, expanded and moved from the east bank of the Ozama River to its left bank in 1502.
The upper cartouche explains that this city is the seat of an Archbishop and the capital of Hispaniola.
The overall layout is a bit tentative, but the cathedral (Santa Maria la Menor de la Encarnacion, named first cathedral of America by Pope Paul III in 1542, as such its Archbishop was Primate of the Indies) is correctly positioned in the center next to the huge "Plaza de Armas".
Note the ships transiting back and forth to the narrow harbor inlet.
French text on verso.

 

 

 

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