Tartariae sive magni Chami regni typus.- #2227


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DATE: 1584.

MAP MAKER: Abraham Ortelius.

SIZE: 18 11/16" X 13 3/4".

PRICE: $1700.00

 

Abraham Ortelius; 1528-1598.

Ortelius name is often associated with Ptolemy and Mercator, when evocating the founding fathers of cartography.
Abaham Ortel (Ortelius), born in Antwerp, trained in classics and math. He became a book dealer and a map colorist.
Widely traveling to attend fairs, he befriended many literati, in his homeland and abroad. Upon their encouragement, he engaged in 1570 in the "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum" project, by collecting maps, charts and plans among diverse cartographers, and having Frans Hogenberg* re-engrave them in the same uniform size and style, to form the first known modern Atlas (even though this term was not used for another twenty years,. by his major competitor: Gerard Mercator!).
The Theatrum knew an immediate and lasting success, being re-issued many times over in different languages. It always gave credit to the sources of information and other contributors used to produce the maps (a practice few followed in those days.).
Of note: the 42 editions of the "Theatrum" between 1570 and 1612, the 1577 "Spiegel der Werelt" (reduced version of the Theatrum engraved by Philippe Galle, issued till 1585); and the 1579 "Parergon Theatri" (historical atlas, reissued till 1624).

*Hogenberg associated with Georg Braun, was famous for their 1572 "Civitates orbis terrarum", a compilation of plans of the most significant towns of the time, being recycled many times till 1750 by Abraham Hogenberg, Frederick de Wit, Pieter van der Aa, Covens & Mortier.

 

Tartariae sive magni chami regni typus.

This large map (18 11/16" X 13 ") was designed for the 1570 issue of the Theatrum.
The present item was printed for the 1584 edition of this atlas.
It shows the extent of the Tartar empire of the great Khan, which seems to cover all of present day Siberia and most of central Asia plus northern China.
Besides the interesting cartouches, and vignettes of tartar encampments, sailing ships and monster fish; one must notice the large amount of write ups. The related texts in latin refer to obscure ancient history( ten Hebrew tribes, kingdom of prester John,.), but also mention better known historic facts (such as the failed Tartar invasion of Japan) and historic figures such as Francis I of France, Carlos V of Spain and Marco Polo (Paulo Veneto).
Notice that California is correctly depicted as a peninsula, and also that the great wall of China is not shown, and that the location of most Chinese provinces is quite fantasist.
Curiously, Taiwan (Isola Fermosa) is shown at the wrong latitude of almost 30 instead of the correct 2330', name confusion?
Latin text on verso.

 

 

 

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