Julius Bien; 1826 - 1909.
A german born editor, Bien established in New York the Julius
Bien & Co. and started to produce an amazing amount of photo
lithographs for books, atlases, travel maps and guides, railroad
He is known to have cooperated with Audubon's son to print
a double elephant folio of "The birds of America".
Carte hydrographique de la baye
de La Havane..
This large city map (22 1/8' X 16 1/16") is a rather amateurish
re-engraving of the famous Bellin 1762 work.
It was produced to be incorporated in a guide book for the
US personnel during the 1899 - 1902 period of occupation of
Cuba after the Spanish defeat and cession of the island to
the US. Amazingly, all details of the original map which served
as model were replicated by the contracted town architect,
including the library archive stamp! (see lower left corner).
Like the original, it offers an extraordinary level of details
concerning the defenses of the town, notice in particular
the name of each of the ten bastions along the city wall,
with their respective guns complement.
No text on verso except "13".