Carte de la louisiane, et de la Floride. - #2091


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DATE: 1750

MAP MAKER: Guillaume Delisle - Giovanni Battista Albrizzi

SIZE: 16 3/4" X 12 3/4".

PRICE: $1200.00

 

Guillaume Delisle; 1675-1726.
Philippe Buache, successor; 1700-1773.
Jean-Nicolas Buache de la Neuville, nephew of Philippe; 1741-1815.
Jean A Dezauche, publisher & successor.

The son of geographer and historian Claude Delisle (also spelled: de l'Isle), Guillaume was the whiz kid of the family (even though two of his brothers, Joseph Nicolas and Louis, also attained some fame at the service of Tsar Peter the Great). He was elected at the "Académie Royale des Sciences" at the very young age of twenty seven, and was later appointed as First Geographer to the King.
His success is due to his formal math and astronomy training (under the guidance of the famous J D Cassini).
The scientific approach he took to mapmaking made him the trail blazer of French cartography and a much copied author.
His "Atlas de Géographie" published between 1700 and 1718, was re-issued between 1730 and 1774 by Covens & Mortier in Amsterdam, and then again re-issued between 1740 and 1750 by Giovanni Battista Albrizzi as the "Atlante Novissimo" in Venice.
Upon his death, his relative and associate Philippe Buache took over his practice, and built upon both G Delisle and H A Jaillot's works. Unfortunately, his "theoretical" approach to mapmaking led him to rather embarrassing errors (of note the Alaska coast map with the non-existant Sea of the West).
J A Dezauche, geographer, engraver and publisher, continued to produce and sell their maps (as well as maps from other famous cartographers, such as D'Anville and Mannevillette), till about 1831.

Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Albrizzi; 1698- 1777.

A Venetian journalist and publisher, from Amsterdam Albrizzi took inspiration from best-known atlases which he translated into Italian and published in Venice. He was also publishing a number of maps and illustrated books. "Gerusalemme Liberata" is the most celebrated book published by Albrizzi.
This seminal book was published in two volumes in collaboration with famed engraver Giovanni Battista Piazzetta. It is noteworthy that the Albrizzi's family was active in publishing and selling the book in Venice for about 150 years.

Carta geografica della Florida, nell' America settentrionale.

This map (16 ¾" X 12 ¾"), printed for the "Atlante Novissimo", published in 1740 and 1750, was derived from the ground breaking 1703 Delisle map: "Carte du Mexique et de la Floride, .", which was among the first to depict correctly both the position of the Mississippi River and the shape of its basin. It was based on the reports of two voyagers: La Salle and d'Iberville (sailing down the river in 1682 and 1701 respectively).
But it is retrogressive, repeating major misconceptions which had been corrected by the same Delisle in his 1718 Louisiane map!
Witness: the imaginary mountain range cutting across the Mississippi, the fanciful St John River (flowing to and from the Atlantic), the straight course of the Apalachicola, the mythical lake in the south Appalachians, the general shape of the Florida peninsula.
It is however fascinating in some of its details:
- French fort on the Texas coast: Saint Louis, renamed San Bernardo by the Spaniards (allusion to the town established on Matagorda Bay by Robert Cavelier de La Salle in 1684, soon abandoned, and then reoccupied and renamed in 1722 by the Spaniards).
- fort at the mouth of the Mississippi, set up by the French to protect their main business up river, which soon evolved to become the new Louisana capital city: New Orleans.
- the Audience of Florida (with four provinces: Florida, Apalache, Concachi Apalachicola, and Cadodaquio), most of it void of colonial population and control... opening the door for a French takeover (claim issued by La Salle in 1682, safe for the peninsula) and a renaming to Louisiane.
- the huge fortress at San Augustine "to the Spanish", and the nearby San Mateo "to the English" (allusion to the 1700 and 1740 English raids, each an unsuccessful siege of San Augustine fort San Marco).
No text on verso.

 

 

 

 

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