Indiarum Occidentalium tractus littorales cum insulis Caribicis. - #2057


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DATE: 1739

MAP MAKER: R & J Ottens.

SIZE: 19" X 22"

PRICE: $3400.00

 

Joachim Ottens; 1663-1719.
Reiner Ottens (son); 1698-1750.
Joshua Ottens (son); 1704-1765.

Joachim Ottens founded the publishing business in Amsterdam, but it really succeeded after the two sons took over.
Of note; the multi volume "Atlas Maior" (1720-1750), the single volume "Atlas Minor" (1725-1750), the "Atlas de la navigation et du commerce" (1739, 1745; after the 1715 work of Louis Renard).
Their work was well known for its decorative aspect (often very well colored, which was unusual at that time for originals). Being good engravers working for well known mapmakers, they also borrowed freely from earlier and more recent works. For this reason, the Ottens maps are often attributed to other famous map makers, such as Frederick de Wit, Louis Renard, Johann Baptiste Homann,..

Indiarum Occidentalium tractus littorales cum insulis Caribicis.

This large map (19"X22") is a faithful remake of the 1703 Louis Renard's work*,.down to the last details (safe for the lack of the decorative edge, and for more accurate delineations of both the Florida coastal channel, and of the Bahamas islands- see Portinaro-Knirrsch, "The Cartography of North America", p 210-211).
In contrast to new maps of that time (in particular by G Delisle), the overall shape of the Florida peninsula is still very influenced by the 1656 N Sanson seminal map. It was probably part of the "Atlas de la navigation et du commerce" published between 1739 and 1745.
Fascinating details of the Spanish galleon fleet route through the Caribbean Sea, bringing in from Spain men and rare commodities (such as mercury), and carrying away the "treasures of the King". The map is full of informations about the whole operation (stopovers, currents, winds, time of the year,.revealing the great interest that outsiders had for this extraordinary money machine, which the Spanish successfully ran between c1525 and c1810.
Two extremely decorative cartouches:
- at the top: the gory details of rampant cannibalism (see the human leg roasting on an open fire, while a heathen his hacking away at the limbs of a bound prisoner).
- at the bottom; two western traders are evaluating the goods proffered by the natives.
The open seas are decorated by a nice compass rose, and two Dutch men-o-war.
No text on verso.
* Itself a reprint of a Frederick de Witt copper plate, complemented by many details such as the routes of the galleons.

 

 

 

 

 

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